L’”EUROPA” SECONDO HUSSERL: L’ENIGMATICA SFIDA DEL FILOSOFO
Husserl’s idea of ‛Europe’ describes a spiritual form to be human. The human being becomes a philosopher, due to his tradition, he doesn’t support any more all aspects of his own identity. The traditional knowledge acquires a relative validity, e. g. through a culture shock. This fact motivates the search of a universal validity: the philosophy. Husserl describes, how historically a new idea of being a human was developed through philosophy in Greece. The community of all these individuals, the philosophers, is called ‛Europe’. The aim of this article is to describe the relationship between Europe and the philosopher; not from the political point of view of Europe, but from the ethical one of each individual philosopher. This ethical point of view is shown as the basis of the political dimension. Thus, being a philosopher means, according to Husserl, the ﬁrst essential step into the concrete realization of Europe.