L’ANTROPOLOGIA DEL RITMO DI FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE
The aim of this contribution is to explore the anthropological dimension of the concept of “rhythm”, as it is presented in Nietzschean philosophy, specifically in some passages of his lectures in Basel on the History of Greek Literature, which converge in the aphorism 84 of The Gay Science. Since 1875, Nietzsche has expressed an interest in some ethnoanthropological texts, such as those by J. Lubbock and E. B. Tylor, and explores starting from them the “primitive” dimension of man in his relationship with nature, religion and superstition. As an example of this anthropological influence, it will be shown that the Nietzschean notion of “Rhythmus” is partially indebted to the concept of “survival” borrowed from Tylor’s work. More generally, the basis will be given for the acknowledgement of rhythm as a powerful tool to understand Nietzsche’s conception of man as a “healthy” creature: a rhythmic declination of the theme of “great health” will be outlined.